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Archeology thread

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  • I just see that commanding has benn banned. Why?


    • He was put in the cooler for a week for challenging gaz to ban him.


      • This is pretty neat.

        The 2-mile-long Marree Man is the second largest geoglyph in the world but nobody knows who made it
        The first thought that comes to mind when beholding it is that this enormous piece of land art was made by the ancients to serve as a sign for the gods, or as a mythical representation of some tribal hero. But this is not the case with the Marree Man, the second largest geoglyph in the world. It was discovered recently after a plane flew over it in 1998, and it was probably created recently as well. The only problem is, nobody knows who made it or why.
        Although it was the 1990s and information about somebody doing something traveled fast, somehow an individual or a group of artists managed to get to this hardly accessible part of South Australia, on the plateau of Finnis Springs, just outside an Australian military base called Woomera Prohibited Area, and created this huge geoglyph with a perimeter of 17 miles. It was definitely a massive undertaking that demanded a lot of labor, and it is strange how nobody noticed–especially because it was close to a big military base.
        On June 26, 1998, Trec Smith, a local pilot, flew from the nearby town of Marree to Cooper Pedy and noticed the drawing that was spread across the whole plateau. Later, a hotel in the area claimed that they received an anonymous fax with the coordinates of the geoglyph. Soon the Marree Man geoglyph became headline news across Australia. A big part of the fascination lay in the fact that nobody knew who actually made it. It seemed like some extraterrestrials came and did it in a few seconds.

        more at link


        • Originally posted by Mokordo View Post
          I just see that commanding has benn banned. Why?
          I miss him, especially on the archeology thread!


          • Another massed iron age army grave has been found in Denmark.


            I'm slightly amused how this discovery of such a large army is being portrayed as something completely unexpected. It seems that Hjortspring, Nydam, Illerup Adal, etc. have all been forgotten. I can understand the discovering team playing it up, but the press doesn't even do the slightest bit of research.

            That said, it's really cool and I am really looking forward to seeing the finds.


            • Extremely rare 4th century BCE Jewish-minted coins unearthed in Jerusalem

              Struck during the Persian era, these owl-inscribed 'Yehud' coins were discovered in the Temple Mount Sifting Project, doubling the number found in the Israeli capital



              • Monday, August 24, 2015

                Alaska Yupik Excavation
                (Courtesy Charlotta Hillerdal, University of Aberdeen)

                On the shores of the Bering Sea, archaeologists have excavated the remains of a Yup’ik settlement that is threatened by erosion due to storms and climate change.


                In recent years, Quinhagak, a small southwestern Alaskan village just inland from the Bering Sea, has, along with other coastal communities in the state, witnessed dramatic erosion due to climate change. The area, located at the southern end of the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, has historically been prone to damaging storms and flooding, but now, melting sea ice is resulting in larger waves and has left the shoreline more vulnerable to storm surges. Land once held firm by permafrost has softened and is now easily eaten away by the tides, with the result that anything previously embedded in the permafrost is released.

                Around 2007, carved wooden objects started washing up on the beach near Quinhagak, and the source seemed to be a site several miles to the south known to have once been inhabited. The native Yup’ik people who live in the area generally believe in not disturbing their ancestors’ settlements, but they recognized that this was a special case. Artifacts of their past were in danger of being lost forever, and they believed that if these objects could be recovered, younger, culturally adrift members of the community might forge a deeper connection with their heritage. So they called in Rick Knecht, an archaeologist at the University of Aberdeen in Scotland, who has extensive experience excavating in Alaska, to examine the threatened site. “We landed there,” Knecht says, “and right away found a complete wooden doll on the beach. We followed the tide line and saw more and more evidence of wooden artifacts. A couple miles down the beach, we could see where they were coming from.” A dark midden partially concealed carved wooden shafts and half of a bentwood bowl. Knecht could tell that large chunks of earth had calved off, and big, grassy clumps could be seen on the beach with artifacts essentially pouring out of them.

                The site has been dubbed Nunalleq, which means “Old Village” in the Yup’ik language. Since 2009, Knecht has led an excavation team there for up to six weeks each summer. He now recognizes that Nunalleq was occupied on and off between the fourteenth and seventeenth centuries, well before the first contact between the Yup’ik people and Russian traders, which took place in the 1830s. The archaeologists have found tens of thousands of artifacts—most made of wood or other organic materials, preserved only because they had been embedded in permafrost—that are providing a rare glimpse of precontact Yup’ik life. Hundreds of wooden dolls, from simple flat sticks to three-dimensional carvings, and a number of wooden masks, some large enough for use in a masked dancing ritual and some small enough that they appear to have been designed for use as playthings with the dolls, have been found. Carvings in wood and ivory of animals important to the Yup’ik people, such as seals and birds, have also been discovered. “On average, a person might find two hundred pieces a day,” says Knecht. “There’s so much information there.” Among the most striking finds has been evidence of a period of fierce internecine conflict that may have gone on for hundreds of years.


                • 50,000 year old Siberian bones may be the ‘oldest Homo sapiens' outside Africa and Middle East
                  By The Siberian Times reporter
                  21 May 2018

                  Finds of 'lion-hunting ancient man' excavated from site of new road new Lake Baikal now undergoing tests at Germany’s Max Planck Institute.

                  The older set of bones found on Tuyana site dated to 50,000 years ago. Picture: Vesti.Irkutsk

                  If the discovery in Buryatia is verified as being Homo sapiens, it will alter scientific thinking about the arrival of man in Siberia.

                  The discovery was made in the Tunkinskaya Valley by Irkutsk scientists in 2016.

                  Older bones date to 50,000 years ago, younger ones at the same site to around 30,000 years ago, and they were found alongside tools and animal bones indicating these ancients were proficient hunters of cave lions, bison, horses and deer.
                  Dr Evgeniy Rogovskoi, senior researcher Institute of Archeology and Ethnography, Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, said: ‘The bones were found in 2016 during rescue archeological works near the Buryatian village of Tunka.

                  ‘Work on constructing a new road was about to start, so archeologists rushed here to see if they could take any material from the site.

                  ‘The bones were found within half a metre of the surface.
                  more at link



                    Blind, bucktoothed mole-rats just might be archaeologists’ new best friends

                    Israeli researchers propose a revolutionary new methodology in the field: Analyzing the mounds of dirt created by the mightily ugly, burrowing Nannospalax ehrenbergi




                      King who? Rare sculpted head of mystery biblical ruler found in northern Israel

                      Is the monarch represented by the exquisitely preserved 3,000 year-old statue Ben Hadad or Hazael of Damascus, Ahab or Jehu of Israel, or Ithobaal of Tyre?



                      • The Midland Site: A Window into Ice-Age West Texas


                        A century ago, most archeologists believed human beings had only occupied the Americas for about 3,000 years. Then, a series of finds on the Llano Estacado changed that view.
                        One of the most significant finds occurred just 6 miles southwest of Midland. The discovery – called the Midland Site – included ancient human remains. It opened a window into the Ice Age world.
                        In June 1953, Keith Glasscock, an amateur archeologist, was collecting artifacts on the Scharbauer Ranch, near Monahans Draw, when he spotted a human skull among the sand dunes. Glasscock knew he had something important. He contacted Dr. Fred Wendorf, a leading archeologist.
                        In 1955, Wendorf published The Midland Discovery. The fossilized skull was identified as that of a young woman. It’s believed to be 11,000 years old. And Wendorf identified a new spear point, of roughly the same age – the Midland Point.
                        The Midland Site supplemented earlier Paleo-Indian finds at Folsom and Clovis, New Mexico. Together, they provided a glimpse into the continent’s first hunter-gatherer cultures.
                        “You must understand that when man first came on to this continent, there were trails that they could get down through the ice and snow to this part of the world,” said Teddy Stickney, a member of the Midland Archeological Society. “That’s why we have so many Paleo sites here, because this was melted.”
                        Raised near Farmington, New Mexico, Stickney was surrounded by archeological activity as a child, and longed to pursue the discipline herself. But in the late 1940s, the department at the University of New Mexico was unwilling to accept a female student. She’s pursued archeology as a dedicated amateur, at excavations and rock-art sites across West Texas.
                        When humans arrived, much of North America lay covered by glaciers. The hunters pursued mastodons, mammoths and giant bison. The Great Plains was the prime corridor for these massive animals, and the Llano Estacado was at the southern end of the vast river of grass.
                        With Midland Point spears, hunters pursued the bison antiquus or ancient bison, ancestor of the living buffalo. Fifteen feet long, an adult bison antiquus weighed 3,500 pounds.
                        Stickney helped excavate four bison skulls at a site near Lubbock.
                        “Oh, they were huge,” Stickney said. “You just can’t imagine what kind of an animal it took to hold that head up. The horn span – they said [it was] at least 6 foot. All I got was the horn core, and it was 2-and-a-half feet long.”
                        The Llano Estacado provided rich forage for these huge animals.
                        “The buffalo came in because they found a grass here which they liked – we call it buffalo grass,” Stickney said. “It was very substantial. It had a lot of food value to it, where these other grasses didn’t maintain a big antiquus bison.”

                        more at link...


                        • how cool would they look in your living room
                          The prehistoric mammoth skeletons - mum, dad, sister and baby mammoth - were found on a building site in Siberia in 2002.


                          • Remains of grand building that may have housed up to 20,000 scrolls uncovered in central Cologne, dating back to second century AD


                            • First German library was Italian.


                              • Spectacular new discoveries from the Caucasus set the stage for a dramatic hilltop ritual

                                By ANDREW CURRY

                                Russian archaeologist Andrey Belinski wasn’t sure what to expect when he found himself facing a small mound in a farmer’s field at the foot of the Caucasus Mountains. To the untrained eye, the 12-foot feature looked like little more than a hillock. To Belinski, who was charged with excavating the area to make way for new power lines, it looked like a type of ancient burial mound called a kurgan. He considered the job of excavating and analyzing the kurgan, which might be damaged by the construction work, fairly routine. “Basically, we planned to dig so we could understand how it was built,” Belinski says. As he and his team began to slice into the mound, located 30 miles east of Stavropol, it became apparent that they weren’t the first people to take an interest. In fact, looters had long ago ravaged some sections. “The central part was destroyed, probably in the nineteenth century,” Belinski says. Hopes of finding a burial chamber or artifacts inside began to fade.

                                It took nearly a month of digging to reach the bottom. There, Belinski ran into a layer of thick clay that, at first glance, looked like a natural feature of the landscape, not the result of human activity. He uncovered a stone box, a foot or so deep, containing a few finger and rib bones from a teenager. But that wasn’t all. Nested one inside the other in the box were two gold vessels of unsurpassed workmanship. Beneath these lay three gold armbands, a heavy ring, and three smaller bell-shaped gold cups. “It was a huge surprise for us,” Belinski says. “Somehow, the people who plundered the rest didn’t locate these artifacts.”

                                more at link