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National Museum of the History of the 1941–1945 Great Patriotic War (Kiev)

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  • National Museum of the History of the 1941–1945 Great Patriotic War (Kiev)

    Was trying to find a site with some good photos of the sculptures.

    National Museum of the History of the 1941–1945 Great Patriotic War (Kiev)

    In the very first day of the Great Patriotic War (a part of the Second World War; started when Nazi Germany invaded the USSR in 1941), Kiev virtually became a front-line city, having suffered bombardment by the Luftwaffe. 197 large industrial enterprises, 32 higher and secondary educational institutions, research institutes, and over 335,000 inhabitants were evacuated to the east. The Kiev inhabitants converted part of the industrial enterprises to military production and constructed defence fortifications.

    Thousands of Kiev inhabitants joined militia units and destroyer battalions and fought against superior enemy forces alongside Red Army units; this heroic defence, the 1941 Defence of Kiev, lasted for 72 days.

    On 19th September 1941, the city was occupied by Nazi German troops. The Nazi Germans established a bloody regime of terror, violence and looting: over 200,000 people were murdered at the Baby Yar ravine and at the Syrets and Darnits concentration camps, 100,000 people were sent to Germany to work as slaves, over 800 industrial enterprises and 40% of the residential buildings were destroyed. The Kiev inhabitants selflessly fought against the occupation.

    In 1941–1943, an underground resistance movement operated in the city; the movement included the Kiev City Communist Party Committee, the party committees of the city's districts and underground groups (Arsenalets, the Kiev Worker, Death to the German Occupants, and others).

    On 6th November 1943, Kiev was liberated by the Red Army, during the Kiev Operation. The Soviet authorities highly valued the military feat of the Kiev inhabitants: in 1961, the Medal for the Defence of Kiev was established and the Hero City of Kiev was awarded with its second Order of Lenin; in 1965, the city received the Medal of the Gold Star. Assisted by all the other republics of the USSR, Kiev raised from ruins fast. Everything that had been destroyed by the Nazi Germans was rebuilt: the main street (Kreshchatik Street), the industrial enterprises, the higher educational institutions, the hospitals, and the residential buildings.

    The memory of the heroic deeds of the people who defended the city in 1941 and of those who liberated the city in 1943 is eternalised in tenths of obelisks and commemorative plaques and in names of streets, squares, enterprises, and schools.

    As early as in the heat of the battle for the liberation of Ukraine, in 1943, the government of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (then part of the USSR) adopted a decision to create a republican-level museum of the Great Patriotic War of the Ukrainian people.

  • #2
    Just haven't found a very good photo of this sculpture


    • #3
      I heard Kiev was a bit dangerous this time of year


      • #4
        That's what the United States travel advisory says.
        Ukraine Travel Advisory

 If you decide to travel to Ukraine:
        • Avoid demonstrations and crowds.
        • Do not physically resist any robbery attempt.
        • Monitor local media for breaking events and adjust your plans based on new information.
        • Enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to receive Alerts and make it easier to locate you in an emergency.
        • Follow the Department of State on Facebook and Twitter.
        • Review the Crime and Safety Report for Ukraine.
        • U.S. citizens who travel abroad should always have a contingency plan for emergency situations. Review the Traveler’s Checklist.

        In Kyiv, authorities reported more than a 15% increase in crime in 2016 over 2015 statistics. The number of property crimes (theft, burglaries, armed assaults, fraud) constituted more than half of all criminal offenses reported. Notably, according to government statistics, there were five times as many registered assault cases in 2016 than 2015. Registered assault cases throughout Ukraine more than doubled during the same period.

        The most common types of non-violent property crime affecting the expatriate community include pickpocketing, theft from parked vehicles, street scams, and residential burglaries. Residential burglaries are typically committed by forced entry when the occupant is not at home, or they occur as crimes of opportunity when doors are left unlocked.

        Reports of drugging of drinks on trains continued in 2016, with the majority of victims claiming to lose consciousness and being robbed while unconscious. Discussions with medical personnel suggest that this activity is more common on overnight trains.

        There is particular need to pay close attention to one’s surroundings and belongings while in crowded public places, walking on crowded streets and through underground malls/crossovers, and while using public transportation.