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US civil war 1861-65

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  • #16
    61 videos from the Civil War Trust

    video play list


    • #17
      This is the first and only time I've seen a newspaper article about the event.

      THE VICTORY IN NORTHERN TEXAS.; GALLANTRY OF THE LOYAL INDIANS. Rebel Indian Agent Killed--100 Rebel Indians Killed, and Large Captures Made.
      Published: February 15, 1863

      Following is the letter to Commissioner DOLE from Indian Agent JOHNSON, in Southern Kansas, mention of which was made the other day:

      DELAWARE AGENCY, KANSAS, Jan. 20, 1863.

      SIR: On or about the 1st of September last, a company of Delaware Indians, numbering ninety-six -- seventy Delawares and twenty-six Shawnees -- left Kansas on an expedition southwest from Kansas, under the leadership of BEN. SIMON, a Delaware Indian.

      He reports that the expedition traveled to the Neosho River, in Southern Kansas, where they halted a few days. From thence they marched in a southwest direction seventeen days, to the leased district in Texas. They then traveled up the Witchita River one day, to the neighborhood of the Witchita Agency. SIMON then sent spies and scouts to the Agency, who reported two hundred Indians, well armed, at the Agency, in the service of the Southern Confederacy, On receiving this intelligence, the Delawares and Shawnees immediately proceeded to the Agency, which they reached about sundown. On arriving at the Agency, they surrounded the buildings, when the Agent came out of the house and asked them what was wanted. SIMON replied, that he was his prisoner. At the same instant the Indians rushed into the house, when one of the Delawares was shot dead, and one of the Shawnees wounded. There were four white men at the Agency at the time of the attack. When the Indians saw their comrades killed and wounded, they slew the three men in the house, and Agent LEEPER, who was held by SIMON at the door as a prisoner. The Indians then took possession of the property and papers belonging to the Agency, and burned the buildings. On the next morning they found the trail of the Indians who had escaped from the Agency, and followed it several miles to a grove of timber, where they found, as they supposed, about 150 Indians, a part of whom were women and children, whom they attacked, and report that they killed about 100 -- the balance making their escape. The Delawares and Shawnees then turned homeward with their booty, which consisted of about 100 ponies, $1,200 in Confederate money, the papers, correspondence, &c, which are wrapped in a rebel flag taken at the Agency. Among the papers taken, I would respectfully call your attention to the treaties, in manuscript, entered into between ALBERT PIKE. Commissioner on the part of the Confederate States, and the different tribes of Southern Indians, as, also, the commission of MATTHEW LEEPER, Indian Agent, from JAMES BUCHANAN, President of the United States, dated Feb. 1, 1861.

      These Indians, few in numbers, marching upon a point more than five hundred miles distant, furnishing their own transportation, forage and provisions, without cost to the Government, certainly exhibits a great degree of loyalty, daring and hardihood.

      I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, F. JOHNSON, Indian Agent.

      " . . . leased district ..."
      This area was called the "Leased District" because, although it had been ancient Caddo, Wichita. and Comanche land, it had been assigned to the Chickasaws at the latter's removal from the east. Thus, when the Caddos, Wichitas and Comanches were forced out of Texas in 1859, they had to go someplace, and since their old lands had been "assigned" to someone else, lands had to be "leased" from the Chickasaws. (Chickasaws continued to make a claim for recompense even when the Kiowa-Comanche-Apache Reservation was established, first by the 1865 Treaty of the Little Arkansas, and later by the 1867 Treaty of Medicine Lodge Creek.)
      "... in Texas...
      Again, this was not in Texas.
      "... They then traveled up the Witchita River one day..."
      This should have been the *Washita* River.
      " the neighborhood of the Witchita Agency."
      This was the Wichita-Caddo-Comanche Agency at old Fort Cobb.
      The attack was on October 23, 1862.
      "The Indians then took possession of the property and papers belonging to the Agency."
      These papers were published in A.H. Abel, _The American Indian as Slaveholder and Secessionist_, 1915.
      See Kavanagh, _The Comanches_ (1999):387-393.
      Oh, and
      "...Rebel Indian Agent Killed"
      Matthew Leeper was not killed, but fled south back to Texas.


      • #18
        Polignac's Texas Brigade

        The 22nd Cavalry Regiment;id=11464

        The 22nd Cavalry Regiment was formed by Colonel R. H. Taylor during the spring of 1862 with 873 men. The regiment was assigned to W.R. Bradfute's, Flournoy's, W.H. King's, and J.E. Harrison's Brigade in the Trans-Mississippi Department. In May, 1862, its force was down to 20 officers and 315 men,and it lost 1 killed, 9 wounded,and 1 missing at Newtonia . Later it was dismounted,saw action in Arkansas and Louisiana, and in March, 1865, contained 14 officers and 167 men. It was included in the surrender on June 2nd.
        The field officers were Colonels James G. Stevens and Robert H. Taylor, and Lieutenant Colonels John A. Buck, William H. Johnson, Thomas Lewelling, George W. Merrick, and Robert D. Stone.

        Battles List for the 22nd Texas Cavalry.

        Newtonia (Sept. 30th 1862)
        Red River Campaign (March - May 1864)
        Harrisonburg (March 2nd 1864)
        Mansfield (April 8th 1864)
        Pleasant Hill (April 9th 1864)

        The 22nd Texas Cavalry (dismounted) was raised mainly in Hunt, Collin, Fannin Counties and some men were from other N.E. Texas counties, as well as a number of Indian troops. The 22nd Texas Cavalry (dismounted) regiment was at the battle of Newtonia on Sept.30, 1862. After that engagement, Col. James G. Stevens, commanding the 22nd Texas Cavalry, was charged with cowardice for leaving the battlefield without sufficient cause.

        The accuser of Col. Stevens was Col. John T. Coffee, who was in command of the Missouri Cavalry. After the Newtonia engagement, Col. Coffee sent the horses of the 22nd Texas Cavalry back to Texas because they were totally unsuitable as cavalry mounts. At that time the 22nd Texas Cavalry became "dismounted", used as infantry and was assigned to Polignac's Brigade. Col. Alexander's 34th Texas Cavalry, also at Newtonia, was called "The Plowhorse Cavalry" and was later dismounted.

        Col. Stevens was found not guilty at courts martial and was returned to his command. He later resigned and returned to Hunt County Texas because he admitted that he was entirely unable to control his men. The reason for that was that half of his troops were Chickasaw Indians and they were notoriously bad in dicipline, poor horsemen and disorganized in action.;id=13258

        The 22nd Regiment Texas Cavalry was organized January 16, 1862, and re-organized June 30, 1862. It appears to have been reduced to a battalion of six companies, A to F, some time after February 29, 1864. The organization was known at various times as the 1st Indian Regiment Texas Cavalry, Merrick's Regiment Texas Dismounted Cavalry, Taylor's Regiment Texas Cavalry, Texas Regiment Texas Mounted Rifles, Steven's Regiment Texas Cavalry, Stone's Battalion Texas Cavalry and Merrick's Battalion Texas Infantry or Dismounted Cavalry.

        SEPTEMBER 30, 1862

        This page contains the following Confederate reports concerning the battle of Newtonia:


        • #19


          • #20
            interesting Hollis, did not know that about skirmishers. Now for more civil war artifacts I found in the 1970s....
            "Flat brass buttons could be civil war or earlier"

            a "star base" 58 caliber minie ball, lead, union, I think made in Washington DC

            a "Williams Cleaner bullet" 58 caliber minie ball, the zinc washer looking thing on the base is supposed to clean the bore, one every 10 rounds

            a fired Williams cleaner bullet" lead 58 caliber which hit something square on...

            a 69 caliber lead Minie ball fired....union


            • #21
              more artifacts civil war found near Alexandria, VA.....1970S

              I think a cast (rather than swagged) lead 58 caliber union Minie ball, the seam is very visible... Hollis may know more about swagged bullets vs cast than me...I have cast Minie balls but not the swag method.

              Bullet swaging is a method of using pressure to form a bullet, which is the inert metal portion of the cartridge (which becomes a projectile when fired) by using pressure to flow the materials at room temperature. Unlike casting, no heat or molten metal is used.

              a 58 caliber lead Minie ball made into a "Nipple protector" to protect the nipple on a cap and ball rifled musket/ 58 caliber civil war union rifle, you can see the thread of lead that went up the spark hole....but it is on the opposite side....he imprint you see is from the hammer

              an old axe head I found near some civil war union trench emplacements on a high hill near some union camps

              Last edited by commanding; 24-11-2017, 09:01 PM.


              • #22
                more "civil war 1861-65" stuff....this time Confederate States of America Postal items, stamps and CSA "covers" or used envelops used with CSA stamps.....these I started collecting only 4 or 5 years ago. There were only about 8 various stamps used by the CSA in the 4 years of the CSA.

                If you think these are "common" try finding one in your grandma's attic.

                above the George Washington stamp used by the CSA postal service

                and below one of the stamps picturing president of CSA Jefferson Davis (who had been secretary of War for the USA.,,,,,,


                • #23
                  more CSA postage stamps from 1861-65 ......from my collection....

                  a ten cent picturing Thomas Jefferson:

                  a one cent picturing John Calhoun a rabid slave proponent:

                  a two cent stamp picturing Andrew Jackson:

                  a ten cent picturing CSA president Jefferson Davis:

                  and another picturing Jefferson Davis in five cent denomination:


                  • #24
                    and some CSA "covers" (the name for envelopes with CSA stamps use during the war with postal markings before 1865....

                    a letter addressed to Orangeburg CourtHouse, S.C.

                    One addressed to North Carolina with no visible post mark....

                    a CSA military cover, note there would be no city state marking postmark only a generic cancel or hand cancel:

                    a Tennessee postmark:

                    a South Carolina postmark:

                    a Charlottesville, Virginia postmark

                    and some CSA paper money:


                    • #25


                      • #26
                        Originally posted by commanding View Post
                        more "civil war 1861-65" stuff....this time Confederate States of America Postal items, stamps and CSA "covers" or used envelops used with CSA stamps.....these I started collecting only 4 or 5 years ago. There were only about 8 various stamps used by the CSA in the 4 years of the CSA.

                        If you think these are "common" try finding one in your grandma's attic.

                        above the George Washington stamp used by the CSA postal service

                        and below one of the stamps picturing president of CSA Jefferson Davis (who had been secretary of War for the USA.,,,,,,

                        When I was a kid I found, in the attic of the house we lived in, letters written home during the Civil War. My Mom gave them to the family of the person who wrote the letters. There also was Confederate money.


                        • #27
                          Originally posted by Cowboy's daughter View Post

                          When I was a kid I found, in the attic of the house we lived in, letters written home during the Civil War. My Mom gave them to the family of the person who wrote the letters. There also was Confederate money.

                          at Texas Tech one history class i took the prof was William Curry Holden, PhD,....who seemed ancient to me at the time......he was a legend at Tech.

                          he told his class a story that his family civil war letters from a soldier in his family came ito his hands.......he read them all, and was young and the contents of the letters embarassed hom so much......that he BURNED the letters one and all.

                          he was still embarassed by his burning historical letters from his own family....merely due to his ignorance.

                          that story has stuck to me like glue.....for 50 years. As well as the moral.



                          • #28

                            some above are repros, one or so is WW2


                            • #29
                              Texas Civil War Museum

                              December 26th, 1862 -- Pro-Union Tejanos lynch secessionist judge
                              (Texas State Historical Association)

                              On this day in 1862, an armed group of 100 pro-Union Tejanos captured and hanged the wealthy rancher Isidro Vela, the chief justice of Zapata County and an outspoken supporter of the Confederacy, in the presence of his family. Vela was born in Mexico in 1798 and served as president of the secessionist meeting held in Zapata County in December 1860. He and the other landowners in the area strongly supported secession, in contrast to the mostly Hispanic local populace. Guerrilla warfare ensued, as pro-Union, anti-Anglo bands staged raids into Texas and retreated into Mexico. In April 1861 Vela had faced down a band under the leadership of Antonio Ochoa, a follower of Juan N. Cortina who threatened pro-Confederate county officials, and later that year had been forced to seek refuge with a neighbor when another such band raided his ranch. After Vela's death, Capt. Refugio Benavides caught and defeated the raiders near Camargo, Mexico. Papers seized in the battle implicated Leonard Pierce Jr., the United States consul in Matamoros, as an instigator of the raid.

                              PIERCE, LEONARD, JR. (1828–1872). Leonard Pierce, Jr., public servant, son of Ann Laura (Prince) and Leonard Pierce, Sr., was born on September 5, 1828, in Eastport, Maine. He served as a mate aboard the St. Louis in 1853 and then resided a year in Chihuahua, Mexico, where he became proficient in Spanish. On December 25, 1855, he married Sarah Katharine Cushman of Corrine, Maine. They had six children, but two died in infancy. Pierce was assistant paymaster for the United States Army at Fort Davis, when he was commissioned United States Consul at Matamoros, Mexico, on July 20, 1861. After relocating his family to Bangor, Maine, Pierce assumed his charge in Matamoros on January 30, 1862, where he found the consulate destroyed by fire and Mexico torn by civil unrest. His family joined him in Matamoros on January 12, 1864. Pierce's principal responsibilities as consul were the care of refugees from Confederate territory and the military enlistment of Union sympathizers; during this time Pierce relocated about 700 refugees and sent about 300 men to enlist in the Union army. These men formed the nucleus of the cavalry regiment known as the Texas Union Cavalry, which served in Nathaniel P. Banks's Army of the Gulf. Due to the cost of living Pierce requested to be relieved of his duties on August 1, 1864. In October his family moved back to Maine, and his resignation became effective on November 30, 1864. He remained in Matamoros until February 18, 1865, then moved to Buffalo, New York, before resettling his family in Brownsville in late 1865 or early 1866. Because of poor health Pierce moved to Roma, Texas, but he returned to Brownsville in 1870. Leonard Pierce, Jr., died on May 8, 1872, in Brownsville and was buried there in the old city cemetery. His son Frank Cushman Pierce later became a prominent Brownsville attorney and historian.



                              • #30
                                David Owen Dodd

                                David Owen Dodd (November 10, 1846 – January 8, 1864), also known as David O. Dodd, was an Arkansas youth executed for spying in the American Civil War.[1]
                                In December 1863 Dodd carried some letters to business associates of his father in Union-held Little Rock, Arkansas. While traveling to rejoin his family at Camden, Arkansas, he mistakenly re-entered Federally-held territory. Discovering that he did not have a pass, U.S. soldiers questioned him and found that he was carrying a notebook with the locations of Federal troops in the area. He was arrested and tried by a military tribunal, with little defense offered for his actions. It found him guilty of spying and sentenced him to death. He was hanged on January 8, 1864. Though he did not reveal the source of the information, a young girl named Mary Dodge and her father were summarily escorted back to their home in Vermont. These events have led to him being called the "Arkansas Boy Martyr of the Confederacy".[1]

                                David Owen Dodd was born in Lavaca County, Texas, to Andrew Marion and Lydia Echols (née Owen) Dodd.[1][2] His parents, who were Baptists,[3] had married in a village south of Little Rock, Arkansas, and moved to Texas with their first daughter Senhora, where David and his sisters Leonora and Ann Eliza were born. David's third sister, Ann Eliza, died before the Civil War.[2]
                                In 1856 the family returned to Arkansas and settled near Benton. In 1861 the Dodds moved to Little Rock to be closer to Senhora, who attended school in the city and lived with her aunt, Mrs. Susan A. Dodd. David Dodd went to classes at St. John's Masonic College. His father left the family to serve as sutler with the 3rd Arkansas Cavalry. In 1862 David went to Louisiana and worked as a telegraph operator until crossing the river to join his father and assist him in his sutlery. In the fall of 1863, after the Union Army occupied Little Rock, David returned to escort his mother and sisters to Mississippi but never left Arkansas. In December his father Andrew arrived and the entire Dodd family moved south to journey to Mississippi to be near Andrew.
                                As Union troops destroyed Southern fields, tobacco was becoming scarce. Andrew Dodd devised a plan to buy tobacco and store it for later sale at a higher price. He looked to his business associates in Little Rock for the needed cash. Because Little Rock was in Union hands, he could not make the trip himself.[4]
                                On December 24, 1863, he sent David Dodd—a minor and therefore assumed neutral—to Little Rock to deliver letters to former associates seeking investments for the tobacco deal. Confederate Gen. James F. Fagan or Confederate Col. William A. Crawford[5] issued the boy a pass. Dodd rode a mule to Little Rock, carrying a birth certificate showing he was an underage 17 along with his pass.[1][4]
                                Dodd stayed with his aunt, Mrs. Susan Dodd, in Little Rock. Except for some Union soldiers, there were very few teenage boys in the city, and Dodd was popular with the city's younger girls....

                                more at link